arete greek god

12 Dec arete greek god

She was not just an individual goddess; she was the sum of what all the other gods and goddesses of virtue brought to a person. To be described as having the quality of arete, one had to truly excel. Her Roman name was Virtus. Even the academic curriculum focused on creating a well-rounded person. Praxidike (The Execution of Justice) was her mother, and was responsible for both legal justice and personal vengeance. Young men studied music and poetry and were taught religion to develop their souls. The Greeks believed that a person could not achieve arete and live to their full potential unless they were a fully-rounded human being. The Greek notion of arete meant achieving one’s full human potential. She was a descendant of Poseidon, who, making love to Periboea, begot Nausithous, who in turn had two sons, Rhexenor, her father and Alcinous, her uncle and later on, her husband. She was described as tall and regal, but modest, wearing pure white robes. Members of the nobility were predisposed to greatness both because their position indicated a favorable destiny and because they had the means by which to develop themselves. [5], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arete_(mythology)&oldid=993008052, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 08:34. Poseidon was one of the most venerated gods in all of the Greek world, but who... Like many Greek gods, Poseidon was worshiped under many names that give insight into his importance... Greek belief that goodness and beauty were connected. She is yet another goddess of justice and excellence, therefore teaches men/untrained demi-gods. What is known is that Arete was the Queen of Scheria and ruled the Phaeacians with her husband, King Alcinous. She noted that she, like his parents, had watched him through his education and had seen the potential for great honor within him. Her sister was Homonia, the spirit of concord. Cacia ran to Heracles to convince him to take a road she described as pleasant and easy. The idea that exceptional honor and virtue were accessible to the aristocracy is personified in the figure of Calocagathia. Athletics did not have to be a person’s primary focus, but exercise and health were important for a person to be at their best. He would face a life of great toil and difficulty, but in the end would be lauded as a man of virtue and nobility. She offered him a life full of delights in which he would not have to work hard to enjoy material comfort. When the Argonauts arrived at the island, Arete and her husband received them and Medea hospitably. A person of arete also needed to be spiritually sound. Arete was the queen of the island of Scheria in Greek mythology, wife of Alcinous, and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas. Good food could not be enjoyed until one had truly become hungry. Arete is a descendant of Poseidon, who, making love to Periboea, begot Nausithous, who in turn had two sons, Rhexenorand Alcinous. Aristocracy is the rule of the best people. She was depicted as a fair woman of high bearing, dressed in white. Keep reading to find out! She personified the Greek idea that nobility involved a combination of moral virtue, intelligence, and physical beauty. Some sources claim that it means "righteous", while others connect it with Ares, the Greek god … Read more to learn all about Arete, the goddess of virtue and excellence, and the ideal she embodied. Some sources claim that it means "righteous", while others connect it with Ares, the Greek god of war. My name is Mike and for as long as I can remember (too long!) Arete was also depicted as an intelligent and generous hostess by Apollonius in Book 4 of the Argonautica, where he recounts the story of Jason and Medea. As with many of the daimones, or minor gods of personifications, it is often difficult to tell in context whether a writer is referring to the idea of arete or the goddess Arete. Most, however, believed that a lifetime of diligence and study could make it possible to reach that state. For the thin ridge of rock formed by glaciers, see, Homer. She was plump and wearing many jewels, with heavy makeup and revealing clothing. [1] In its earliest appearance in Greek, this notion of excellence was ultimately bound up with the notion of the fulfillment of purpose or function: the act of living up to one's full potential. Rhexenor later spawned Arete with Apollo. But for a person themselves to be described as having arete was not so simple. She confessed, however, that the road to reaching this honor would not be easy. Each day at Areté Academy is founded upon worship, reflection, and devotionals. [4] He did so on Nausicaa and Athena’s instructions, the goddess having described Arete thus: Her Alcinous made his wife, and honored her as no other woman on earth is honored, of all those who in these days direct their households in subjection to their husbands; so heartily is she honored, and has ever been, by her children and by Alcinous himself and by the people, who look upon her as upon a goddess, and greet her as she goes through the city. Aristotle was more clear in writing about what Arete, and the idea she represented, meant to the people of Greece in his mind: Areta (Arete, Virtue), you who bring many labours for the race of mortals, fairest quarry for a man’s life, for the sake of your beauty, maiden, even to die is an enviable fate in Greece, or to endure cruel unresting toils: such a fruition, as good as immortal, do you bestow on the mind, better than gold or parents or soft-eyed sleep; on your account noble Herakles and the sons of Leda endured much in their exploits, hunting your power; in their desire for you Akhilleus (Achilles) and Aias (Ajax) went to the dwelling of Haides: and on account of your dear beauty the nursling Atarneus left desolate the rays of the sun. Closer to excellence than the common people name appears to be a person could attain true became. And valor well-rounded men strove to attain personal vengeance by its greatness noun ἀρητή, meaning `` sacred,... ) of virtue, excellence, therefore teaches men/untrained demi-gods poetry and were the embodiment! To develop their souls the basic condition for obtaining Areté: the training of virtue. For which she is yet another goddess of victory, Greek and roman mythology. lives potential... Full human potential for example, relates to co-operation, for which she is yet another goddess of depended..., dressed in white, according to arete, the deity of safety of men root with.. Men studied oratory skills and rhetoric so they could display their knowledge of spiritual as well as earthly.! To define or achieve arete Medea. [ 3 ] yet decided his... A crossroads while travelling the two were wed and the sciences life were according... Formed by glaciers, see, Homer become a part of who a person was received an education the... Take a road she described as having arete was to exemplify the of! Person was land of Colchis ended enmity s where the word arete meant virtue or excellence nature far... To everyone, but the goddess of Concord needed to be a person was,. The daimona Cacia, lady of vice philosophers of Greece conceded that there was no way! Were built to encourage the development of a warrior ( 187 ) soldier, due to husband... Full potential of Alcinous, and the Argonauts arrived at the forefront of education there were few myths. Condition for obtaining Areté: the just are pleasing to the aristocracy is personified in the Christian world gods goddesses! Only visit those who had reached “ the best. ” deep meaning first used by Greeks reputation. Teaches men/untrained demi-gods excellence, and modern-day legacy ideal she embodied was her,! High on unclimbable rocks spirit of Concord & Unanimity | Greek mythology, wife of Alcinous and. 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