buddhism and democracy

12 Dec buddhism and democracy

Therefore, those of us in exile have had a responsibility to contemplate and plan for a future Tibet. The more we - as nations or as individuals - depend upon others, the more it is in our own best interests to ensure their well-being. Their demands had nothing to do with some new ideology; they were simply expressing their heartfelt desire for freedom. Bon, Buddhism and Democracy The Building of a Tibetan National Identity by Per Kværne and Rinzin Thargyal Nordic Institute of Asian Studies NIAS Report series, No. Did the Vrijjis proceed in accordance with their ancient constitution and not enact new laws or abolish existing ones? Discover what 24,741 subscribers have access to, Full access to 29 years of content with over 7,775 articles. Each of us must learn to work not just for his or her own self, family or nation, but for the benefit of all humankind. Most of the … Pema Chödrön The Buddha saw that life’s very purpose is happiness. Buddhism, Human Rights and Constitutional Reform in Thailand - Volume 2 - Andrew Harding Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you … Thich Nhat Hahn Our brothers and sisters in Tibet, despite being in their own country do not even have the right to life. Explore timeless teachings through modern methods. CONCLUSION There is a very affinity between Buddhism and Democracy. A goal to be attained by men and women alike. Tricycle. At a time when many democracies around the world are under threat, a discourse the Buddha gave before his great passing may provide inspiration for a response. Subscribe for access to video teachings, monthly films, e-books, and our 29-year archive. We’re sorry, there was an error. Nevertheless, day to day relations were conducted on the basis of generosity, consideration, and gentleness towards others. Today, it is clear which is winning. Democracy and Hindu Nationalism 9. So it is in all our interests that those of us who already enjoy democracy should actively support everybody's right to do so. Did the Vrijjis hold frequent and regular assemblies, and were these meetings well attended? As Buddhists, we Tibetans revere human life as the most precious gift and regard the Buddha's philosophy and teaching as a path to the highest kind of freedom. Seven questions from the canon for testing the health of a nation. Buddhism in Thailand has been characterized as a ‘revolutionary’ force, since rationalist Buddhist teachings offer considerable support for progressive and democratic political ideas. Seventeen years after the Buddha’s passing, the Vrijjian confederation fell prey to “treachery and discord” instigated by agents (including a prostitute and a fake astrologer spreading disinformation) planted by the minister Vessakara. To me it is then quite clear that, however important I may feel, I am only one, while others form the majority. Mark Drought (opinion): Applying tenents of Buddhism to democracy. Continuous new writings from leading Buddhist teachers and New York Times bestselling authors, including: Sharon Salzberg Practical Advices for Attending the Teachings in India, Closing Address by His Holiness the Dalai Lama to the Global Buddhist Congregation 2011, Bring Quality Back into Buddhist Pursuits, 1st International Conference on Buddhism and Literature, His Holiness's Keynote Address at the Buddhist Conference in Delhi, A Collaboration Between Science and Religion, Sakyadhita International Conference on Buddhist Women in Taiwan, Ordination in the Tibetan Buddhist Tradition, 52nd Anniversary of Tibetan Uprising Day Statement, Short Biographies of the Previous Dalai Lamas, All Content Copyright © The Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. In our time we might ask whether we listen to senior statesmen, experts, scholars, historians, and—in the context of our current health crisis—even “medical experts.”. In Buddhist accounts Ajatashatru himself was brutally murdered by his own son, Udayabhadra, some eight years later. We all desire freedom, but what distinguishes human beings is their intelligence. As a nonprofit, we depend on readers like you to keep Buddhist teachings and practices widely available. Then I ask myself, 'Whose interests are more important?' Bhikkhu Bodhi), in other words, treat her as an equal. He also saw that while ignorance binds beings in endless frustration and suffering, wisdom is liberating. Please try again. Their custom of begging for alms only served to strengthen their awareness of their dependence on other people. The emergence of peoples' power movements, overthrowing dictatorships of left and right, has shown indisputably that the human race can neither tolerate nor function properly under tyranny. In another discourse, the Sigalaka Sutta (DN 31), the Buddha tells a householder not to disparage his wife but to honor her and “give her authority…”(trans. Democracy Reporting International is a non-partisan, independent, not-for-profit organisation registered in Berlin Some of Sri Lanka’s Buddhist monks have become influential critics of the ongoing constitutional reform process by drawing red lines around core reform issues, including the status of Buddhism … We are also being drawn together by the grave problems we face: overpopulation, dwindling natural resources, and an environmental crisis that threaten the very foundation of existence on this small planet we share. "Democracy's Dharma" connects these noteworthy … In a modern secular nation, the equivalent of such shrines might be public institutions such as museums, libraries, universities, and scientific foundations that demonstrate our confidence in our society and the endurance of our nation. The Vrijjis (Skt. However, they did not live in total isolation. Somewhere around 468 BCE, the principal clan of the Vrijji confederation was defeated by Ajatashatru’s powerful army. 5. After Ananda replies affirmatively to each one, the Buddha comments, “So long as this is the case, Ananda, the growth of the Vrijjis is to be expected, not their decline.” In another account, the Buddha presents to Vessakara “seven principles for a nation’s welfare.” At the end of the discourse, the minister concludes: “No harm, indeed, can be done to the Vrijjis in battle by Magadha’s king, Ajatashatru, except through treachery or discord.”. 4. Strive on, untiringly, for your own liberation.”, With Stephen Batchelor, Sharon Salzberg, Andrew Olendzki, and more. These governments went to tremendous lengths to control their societies and to induce their citizens to work for the common good. Thank you for subscribing to Tricycle! Not only do we all desire happiness and seek to avoid suffering, but each of us has an equal right to pursue these goals. People do not like to be bullied, cheated or lied to by either an individual or a system. Within this fraternity, individuals were equal, whatever their social class or caste origins. Take an online Buddhism course at your own pace. Although none of our Buddhist societies developed anything like democracy in their systems of government, I personally have great admiration for secular democracy. Without any apparent centralized  authority Buddhism has endured for more than two thousand five hundred years. Between 1919 and 1949 … Although communism espoused many noble ideals, including altruism, the attempt by its governing elites to dictate their views proved disastrous. Tara Brach While the Buddha’s advice for political well-being may be cogent and apt, another lesson from the Mahaparinirvana Sutra—in fact, his last words—appears to supersede it: “Bhikkhus, I exhort you: All compounded things must come to an end. What we have to aim at is the common cause of our society. Once that goal was fulfilled, however, such rigidity had very little to contribute to building a truly cooperative society. They will naturally be happy. Did the Vrijjis assemble and disperse from these assemblies peacefully, and did they conduct affairs in concord? If the Buddha were speaking in our time, he would probably be saying that we should welcome scholars, scientists, and religious leaders from other countries, perhaps in the way the United States welcomed Thomas Mann and Albert Einstein before World War II. Every individual has a responsibility to help guide our global family in the right direction and we must each assume that responsibility. 2. Clearly the Buddha was saying that women should not be abused and should be treated with respect. He also saw that while ignorance binds beings in endless frustration and suffering, wisdom is liberating. Ajatashatru was a ruthless, ambitious ruler who had murdered his own father, King Bimbisara, but had, strangely enough, absolute faith in the Buddha’s wisdom and integrity. All rights reserved. Truth is the best guarantor and the real foundation of freedom and democracy. Jack Kornfield To encourage myself in this altruistic attitude, I sometimes find it helpful to imagine myself, a single individual, on one side and on the other a huge gathering of all other human beings. Did the Vrijjis respect and honor their elders and think it worthwhile to heed their advice? Buddhism and Democracy secular one, ruled that the government was to be a democracy with the power vested in the "free" citizens who would be the ones to make the Jaws and enforce them. Rigid organisation may have been necessary at first to overcome previously oppressive regimes. It has flourished in a diversity of forms, while repeatedly renewing, through study and practice, its roots in the teachings of the Buddha. Thus, the Sangha served as a model for social equality, sharing of resources and democratic process. Irrespective of whether we are rich or poor, educated or uneducated, belonging to one nation or another, to one religion or another, adhering to this ideology or that, each of us is just a human being like everyone else. Buddhism too recognises that human beings are … This urgent need for cooperation can only strengthen mankind, because it helps us recognize that the most secure foundation for the new world order is not simply broader political and economic alliances, but each individual's genuine practice of love and compassion. He also saw that while ignorance binds beings in endless frustration and suffering, wisdom is liberating. By Courtney Wittekind 5 June 2017 With Buddhism, Politics, and Political Thought in Myanmar, … It is also the only stable foundation upon which a just and free global political structure can be … One is the value of truth. Consequently, we paid little attention to the changes taking place in the world outside. It does not matter whether you are weak or strong or whether your cause has many or few adherents, truth will still prevail. As free human beings we can use our unique intelligence to try to understand ourselves and our world. This paper interrogates as to how caste-based differentiation exists among the Sinhalese in Sri Lanka despite the near absence of the economic structures that initially underpinned the caste system. It read as follows: The Buddha himself, though a friend of kings, seems to have had a deep affection for the old republican organization, and in a remarkable passage he is said to have warned the Vrijjis shortly before his death that their security depended on maintaining their traditions and holding regular and well-attended folk-moots. Over the years, therefore, we have tried through various means to achieve a model of true democracy. 12 First published in 1993, reprinted … [1] [2] Though some historic … In present-day terms, do we have a functioning parliament (or Congress) with regular and well-attended sessions? We have become so engrossed in its pursuit that, without even knowing it, we have neglected to foster the most basic human needs of love, kindness, cooperation and caring. It is not enough, as communist systems have assumed, merely to provide people with food, shelter and clothing. By continuing, you agree to Tricycle’s Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. These qualities are the ultimate source of human happiness, and our need for them lies at the very core of our being. Please check your email to confirm your subscription. The peaceful revolutions in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe have taught us many great lessons. Therefore, the political, social and cultural freedom that democracy entails is of immense value and importance. Each … I think the Buddha was asking not whether the Vrijjis never enacted new laws or never abolished existing ones, but whether they were careful about such things and did not amend their constitution frequently or capriciously. The Buddha’s questions are a litmus test for the health of a nation and are worth asking again today. An arhat was an enlightened person, or even simply someone advanced along the path, possibly including even non-Buddhists. The Mahaparinirvana Sutra (Pali, Mahaparinibbana Sutta) a part of the Digha Nikaya, the collection of the Buddha’s long discourses, was in fact his last discourse before his passing. The Buddha made it clear that his followers were not to take even what he said at face value, but were to examine and test it as a goldsmith tests the quality of gold. By Mark Drought Published 11:00 am EST , Wednesday, December 9, 2020 Monks from the Drepung Gomang Monastery … The familiarity of all Tibetan exiles with the word 'democracy' shows this. Later, we learned the hard way that in the international arena, as well as at home, freedom is something to be shared and enjoyed in the company of others, not kept to yourself. Overviews There are at least three separate issues that scholars investigate under the title “Buddhism and politics”: (1) the normative political content of Buddhist texts and practices, as … Churches and the Consolidation of Democratic Culture: Difference and convergence in the Czech Republic and Hungary Buddhism, Democracy … No system of government is perfect, but democracy is closest to our essential human nature. Here I have laid out the Buddha’s seven questions and have attempted to show how they might be applied to our times. Edward Carpenter (1844–1929), Towards Democracy Preface There are at present 100,000,000 Untouchables in India, the vast majority of whom are underprivileged in every sense of the term. In the present circumstances, no one can afford to assume that someone else will solve our problems. If we do not know someone or do not feel connected to a particular individual or group, we simply overlook their needs. Modern democracy is based on … During the three years as the president, he was engaged in the visit by the 14th Dalai Lama to Japan three times for academic exchanges between Japanese Esoteric Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism. Modern democracy is based on the principle that all human beings are essentially equal, that each of us has an equal right to life, liberty, and happiness. It is also the only stable foundation upon which a just and free global political structure can be built. Modern democracy is based on the principle that all human beings are essentially equal, that each of us has an equal right to life, liberty, and happiness. … Our deeper nature requires that we breathe the precious air of liberty. Did the Vrijjis show respect and veneration toward their shrines? Design by Point Five. There are many advantages to such a step and it will enable us to become a true and complete democracy. The values of this practice align with an open, fair, and just democracy. Help us share Buddhist teachings and practices by donating now. In either telling, the Buddha lays out seven qualities that lead to a republic’s prosperity. For thousands of years people have been led to believe that only an authoritarian organization employing rigid disciplinary methods could govern human society. The idea that people can live together freely as individuals, equal in principle and therefore responsible for each other, essentially agrees with the Buddhist disposition. We are told at the outset that King Ajatashatru of Magadha was planning to wage war on the Vrijjis and intended to annihilate them. If society as a whole is well off, every individual or association within it will naturally gain from it. B Buddhism in a Democratic World Prof. Kurt F. Leidecker uddhism is a way of life. The Buddha appeared on account of democracy at a time when autocracy was prevalent in India. Once we have lost the essential humanity that is our foundation, what is the point of pursuing only material improvement? Within the community decisions were taken by vote and differences were settled by consensus. Tricycle is a nonprofit that depends on reader support. No system of government is perfect, but democracy is closest to our essential human nature. Therefore, those who practice deception and use force may achieve considerable short-term success, but eventually they will be overthrown. I believe that to meet the challenge of our times, human beings will have to develop a greater sense of universal responsibility. We are clear that those values, along with how we treat … Inevitably, weaker nations are manipulated and oppressed by stronger ones, just as the weaker sections of most societies suffer at the hands of the more affluent and powerful. 3 Subscribe now to read this article and get immediate access to everything else. I hope that these moves will allow the people of Tibet to have a clear say in determining the future of their country. 1. In contemporary political language are we reasonably “nonpartisan” in our politics? This book explores the remarkable religious renaissance that has reformed, revitalized, and renewed the practices of Buddhism and Daoism in Taiwan. The relationship between Buddhism and democracy has a long history with many scholars claiming the very foundations of Buddhist society were democratic. We might even say that the Buddha was calling here for public participation, which right now, for Americans at least, would mean to get out and vote. For John Dewey, the ultimate aim of the democracy was the … Did the Vrijjis refrain from abducting women and maidens of good families and from detaining them? We know that the Buddha himself was born in a republican tribe, the Shakyas, where his father, Suddhodana, held for a term of twelve years the title of raja, which appears to have been an elected presidency or chairmanship of sorts and not a hereditary kingship. When Tibet was still free, we cultivated our natural isolation, mistakenly thinking that we could prolong our peace and security that way. Although the Tibetans outside Tibet have been reduced to the status of refugees, we have the freedom to exercise our rights. I first came across a reference to this … His condemnation of aggression against women does bear repeating in our MeToo era. Modern democracy is based on … 3. I have long looked forward to the time when we could devise a political system, suited both to our traditions and to the demands of the modern world. What is that way of life and … Upaya has long been a platform for Socially Engaged Buddhism. Joseph Goldstein. As we approach the end of the twentieth century, we find that the world has grown smaller and the world's people have become almost one community. He wanted honest feedback on his military plans and instructed his minister to tell the Buddha of his intention to wage war on the Vrijjis, adding: “Whatever the Blessed One should answer you, keep it well in mind and inform me; for Tathagatas [‘ones who are thus gone’] do not speak falsely.”, After paying homage to the Buddha, Vessakara informs him of King Ajatashatru’s plans. Despite the rapid advances made by civilization in this century, I believe that the most immediate cause of our present dilemma is our undue emphasis solely on material development. For thousands of years people have been led to believe that only an authoritarian organization employing rigid disciplinary methods … The practice of compassion is not just a symptom of unrealistic idealism, but the most effective way to pursue the best interests of others as well our own. Tibetan Buddhism (also Indo-Tibetan Buddhism and Sino-Indian Buddhism) is the form of Buddhism practiced in Tibet, where it is the dominant religion.It also has adherents in the regions surrounding the … I, for one, truly believe that individuals can make a difference in society. The latest from Tricycle to your inbox and more, A weekly update on everything you need to know on tricycle.org, Buddhist teachings to your inbox every Thursday, Course announcements, offers, and events from our partners, Weekly updates and guided meditations from a Buddhist teacher throughout the month of March, Opinion: Buddhists Can Be Happy Trump Lost. I believe that future generations will consider these changes among the most important achievements of our experience in exile. The Buddha understood that the Vrijjis had to fight to preserve their freedom. But if we are prevented from using our discrimination and creativity, we lose one of the basic characteristics of a human being. The Buddha’s questions are thus a litmus test for the health of a nation and are worth asking again today. The future head of the Tibetan Government must be someone popularly elected by the people. Stephen Batchelor We have recently embarked on changes that will further democratize and strengthen our administration in exile. We hardly noticed when India, one of our closest neighbours, having peacefully won her independence, became the largest democracy in the world. He sent his minister Vessakara to meet the Buddha in Rajgir at Vulture Peak, where the Buddha often taught. The biggest hurdle to democracy contained within Buddhism is probably its insistence on making oneself free of the physical world. Our democratization has reached out to Tibetans all over the world. As a spiritual community its cohesion has sprung from a unifying sense of brotherhood and sisterhood. Buddhism too recognises that human beings are entitled to dignity, that all members of the human family have an equal and inalienable right to liberty, not just in terms of political freedom, but also at the fundamental level of freedom from fear and want. Especially in the conduct of international relations we pay very little respect to truth. The Dalai Lama There is so much Buddhism that can be found in the conceptual framework of democracy in the philosophy of John Dewey. A democracy that has nonviolence and peace at its roots. Appeared buddhism and democracy account of democracy at a time when autocracy was prevalent in India Tibet have based. 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