riots of baltimore 1861

12 Dec riots of baltimore 1861

On July 10, George R. Dodge, a civilian, was appointed as marshal of police. Delaware, bordering Maryland, was reinforced with Union troops to prevent similar events. Sumner Henry Needham is sometimes considered to be the first Union casualty of the war, though he was killed by civilians in a Union state. Virginia’s secession was particularly significant due to the state’s industrial capacity. (Ironically, federal troops imprisoned the young newspaper editor in Fort McHenry, which, as he noted, was the same fort where the Star Spangled Banner had been waving “o’er the land of the free” in his grandfather’s song.) Baltimore 1861 Dennis Ahern will address this topic at the Boston Public Library Orientation Room, McKim Building 230 Dartmouth Street, Copley Square Wednesday, October 12th at 6:00 p.m. Every year, on April 19th, we are reminded of the minutemen who went to the bridge in Concord in 1775. The despot's heel is on thy shore, He was replaced as commander of the Department of Annapolis by George Cadwalader, another Brigadier General in the United States Volunteers. Union Protestant Infirmary (now MedStar Union Memorial Hospital) established. References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baltimore_riot_of_1861. Cannon were placed in the works so that they could be fired on the city. Background Share. Because of an ordinance preventing the construction of steam rail lines through the city, there was no direct rail connection between the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad’s President Street Station and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad’s Camden Station (ten blocks to the west). On May 13, Butler sent Union troops into Baltimore and declared martial law. At 1 a.m. on April 19, 1861, the men of the 6th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia were asleep on the floors of the Girard House Hotel in Philadelphia when the long roll sounded. Was this the worst riot in Maryland history?I know that the civil disorders in Baltimore in 1968 was bad,but the one in 1861 looks like a Civil War battlefield.Were people smashing windows like they were in The New York Draft Riots in 1861? Baltimore riot of 1861. In Brown’s later assessment, it was the Baltimore riot that pushed the two sides over the edge into full-scale war, “because then was shed the first blood in a conflict between the North and the South; then a step was taken which made compromise or retreat almost impossible; then passions on both sides were aroused which could not be controlled”. The participants were Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts Militia who were en route to Washington, D.C. to report for federal service. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict that took place on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland between Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. April 19, 1861: The Baltimore Riot. Instead, like so many other Baltimoreans, he found himself engrossed in the events of the day before, and the speculation about what lie ahead. Rail cars that transferred between the two stations had to be pulled by horses along Pratt Street. Just before daybreak on June 27, soldiers marched from Ft. McHenry on orders from Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, who had succeeded Cadwalader as commander of the Department of Annapolis, and arrested Marshal George P. Kane. Hicks and the Mayor of Annapolis protested, but Butler (a clever politician) bullied them into allowing troops to land at Annapolis, saying, “‘I must land, for my troops are hungry.’—’No one in Annapolis will sell them anything,’ replied these authorities of the State and city. The 8th Massachusetts arrived by ship at Annapolis on April 20. The 8th Massachusetts, with the 7th New York, proceeded to Annapolis Junction (halfway between Baltimore and Washington), and the 7th New York went on to Washington, where, on the afternoon of April 25, they became the first troops to reach the capital by this route. Major General John Adams Dix succeeded Banks in command of the Department of Annapolis, and Colonel Abram Duryée’s 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, “Duryée’s Zouaves,” constructed Fort Federal Hill, Baltimore. They split off from Howard Street in downtown Baltimore and marched over east to Fort McHenry and reported for duty there. The Baltimore Riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was an incident that took place on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland between Confederate sympathizers and infantrymen of the United States Army. The Baltimore Riot of 1861 . On the evening of April 20 Hicks also authorized Brown to dispatch the Maryland state militia for the purpose of disabling the railroad bridges into the city—an act he would later deny. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia enroute to Washington for Federal service. In 1863 Howard wrote about his experience as a political prisoner at Fort McHenry in the book Fourteen Months in the American Bastille; two of the publishers selling the book were then arrested. A Google search of "Baltimore riot of 1861" shows me 123,000 results, while "Pratt Street riot" gives 79,800. In May, less than a month after the riot, General Butler and the 6th Mass. If all this be not rebellion, I know not what to call it. On April 19, 1861, the first blood of the American Civil War is shed when a secessionist mob in Baltimore attacks Massachusetts troops bound for Washington, D.C. … The Governor and Mayor called out the militia to prevent further bloodshed. Ladd and Whitney are buried in Lowell, Massachusetts. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was an incident that took place on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland between Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. Because of this large-scale arrest of state representatives the legislative session was canceled, and no further debate on anti-war measures or secession could take place. By that time Maryland was an occupied state, and the choice no longer existed. Baltimore fell under military rule. The Baltimore Riots happened April 19, 1861. Also known as the Pratt Street Riot, only one week had passed since the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter.. Maryland and nearby Delaware were border states.These were the states exposed to Northern influences and culture, but with a Southern exposure too —and numerous Confederate sympathizers. The Mayor bravely attempted to stop the battle without success. Other men were seen brandishing pistols and muskets. One of the militia leaders was John Merryman, who was arrested one month later, and held in defiance of a writ of habeas corpus, which led to the case of Ex parte Merryman. As the war began, the city’s divided loyalties created tension. As a result of the riot in Baltimore and pro-Southern sympathies of much of the city’s populace, the Baltimore Steam Packet Company also declined the same day a Federal government request to transport Union forces to relieve the beleaguered Union naval yard facility at Portsmouth, Virginia. I certainly regard it as sufficient legal cause for suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus.” Moreover, Morris wrote, “If, in an experience of thirty-three years, you have never before known the writ to be disobeyed, it is only because such a contingency in political affairs as the present has never before arisen.”. On September 17, 1861, the day the legislature reconvened to discuss these later events and Lincoln’s possibly unconstitutional actions, twenty-seven state legislators (one-third of the Maryland General Assembly) were arrested and jailed by federal troops, using Lincoln’s suspension of habeas corpus, and in further defiance of the U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice’s ex parte Merryman ruling. On April 19, the unit headed on to Baltimore, where they anticipated a slow transit through the city. Gov. Less well known is the story of other men from Many more Union troops arrived. On April 17, the Sixth Massachusetts Militia departed from Boston, Massachusetts, arriving in New York the following morning and Philadelphia by nightfall. However, in sources contemporaneous with The unit was mustered out of Federal Service on August 2, 1861. Luther C. Ladd, one of the 6th Massachusetts soldiers to die in Baltimore on April 19, 1861 . Many also felt that Maryland should not permit troops to pass through the state to attack a sister state, and others mistrusted the President's intentions, suspecting that the troops would be used to force Maryland to remain in the Union. While there may have been accidents, and maybe a secessionist shot or two during their tour, wounding men of the 6th, the majority of the casualties occurred in the Riot. When the old Board of Police would not recognize the new police, and tried to continue the old police, they were arrested and sent to Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. The Riot On April 19, 1861, only five days after the surrender of Fort Sumter, the situation in Baltimore exploded into violence. The frightened officers ordered the troops to fire into the crowd. New militia units from several Northern states were starting to transport themselves south, particularly to protect Washington, D.C., from the new Confederate threat in Virginia. It produced the first deaths by hostile action in the American Civil War. James Ryder Randall, a teacher in Louisiana but a native Marylander who had lost a friend in the riots, wrote “Maryland, My Maryland” for the Southern cause in response to the riots. But that night, the Pennsylvania troops, later known as “The First Defenders” camped at the U.S. Capitol under the uncompleted dome, which was under construction. Maryland! Rise of Know Nothing Party; Baltimore riots named city "Mobtown." 2400 East Fort Avenue The two cars returned to the President Street Station and the soldiers disembarked to the howls and jeers of the mob. The Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, who was also a native of Maryland, ruled on June 4, 1861 in ex parte Merryman that Lincoln’s suspension of habeas corpus was unconstitutional, but Lincoln ignored the ruling, and later when Baltimore newspaper editor Frank Key Howard, Francis Scott Key’s grandson, criticized this in an editorial he too was imprisoned without trial. At Gay Street some of the mob began tearing up paving stones and throwing them at the soldiers. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, in Baltimore, Maryland. After the attack on the soldiers, the office of the Baltimore Wecker, a German-language newspaper, was completely wrecked and the building seriously damaged by the same mob. Its Effects The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, (beginning at the President Street Station and President Street and continuing ending on Howard Street at the Camden Street Station) in Baltimore, Maryland, between antiwar "Copperheads" Democrats (the largest party … April 19, 2018 by DickH Posted in History 2 Comments Mural of Baltimore Riot of Apr 19, 1861 at Massachusetts State House. Military conflicts similar to or like Baltimore riot of 1861. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia enroute to Washington for Federal service. Marylanders were divided in their sympathies. The status of Delaware, Maryland, Missouri, and Kentucky (later known as “border states”), remained unknown. Taylor was buried in Baltimore; though his grave was lost, his name appears on the Lowell Monument. Lincoln subsequently had the mayor, police chief, entire Board of Police, and the city council of Baltimore imprisoned without charges, as well as one sitting U.S. 1855. These troops were to be transported to Washington, D.C. so that they might protect the Capitol. Coincidentally, it was about the same time that the alarm bell had been rung in Concord, Massachusetts on April 19, 1775 warning of… The measure passed on April 17 with little debate. In 1861, most Baltimoreans were anti-War, and did not support a violent conflict with their southern neighbors. Maryland, My Maryland. Lincoln’s opponents were infuriated (and supporters disappointed) when the president-elect, fearing an assassination plot, traveled secretly through the city in February enroute to his inauguration. On April 19, 1861, just one week after the attack on Fort Sumter by Confederate forces marked the beginning of the Civil War, a train carrying Union volunteers with the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment pulled into the Philadelphia, Wilmington and… March 20, 2011 On April 15th,1861, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 troops in response to the rebellion that had commenced three days earlier when Confederate forces fired … The editor moved to another paper in Illinois. A man supposed to be a Maryland State Militia soldier was detained in Ft. McHenry, and Judge Giles, in Baltimore, issued a writ of habeas corpus, but Major W. W. Morris, commander of the fort, wrote back, “At the date of issuing your writ, and for two weeks previous, the city which you live, and where your court has been held, was entirely under the control of revolutionary authorities. In the previous year’s presidential election, Abraham Lincoln had received only 1,100 of more than 30,000 votes cast in the city. Kentucky declared its neutrality (although it would eventually join the Union’s side), and although Missouri seceded from the Union on October 31 and was later occupied, a Confederate government-in-exile existed in Arkansas and Texas. Avenge the patriotic gore Image 1 of Baltimore and the nineteenth of April 1861; a study of the war. 1854. Someone fired a shot. Governor Hicks called a special session of the state legislature to consider the situation. Sympathetic Marylanders, who had supported secession ever since John C. Calhoun spoke of nullification, agitated to join Virginia in leaving the Union. Following the secession of the southern States and the bombardment of Fort Sumter, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 men to be raised from the militia of the states in order to put down the rebellion. Citizens threw stones and bricks and fired shots at the soldiers. Following are telegraph dispatches regarding the Baltimore Riot, also known as the Pratt Street Riot, of April 19th, 1861, as reported in the April 24, 1861, issue of The Hudson North Star. There were calls for Maryland to declare secession in the wake of the riot. That flecked the streets of Baltimore, According to his later report, Jones went through the railroad cars and gave this order: Indeed, as the militia regiment transferred between stations, a mob of anti-War supporters and Southern sympathizers attacked the train cars and blocked the route. When a threat was made against Fort McHenry, one of the militia units was sent to help the U.S. Army defend it. Baltimore riot of 1861. On April 18, 460 newly mustered Pennsylvania volunteers (generally from the Pottsville, Pennsylvania area) arrived from Harrisburg on the Northern Central Railway at the Bolton Street Station off North Howard Street (present site of the later Fifth Regiment Armory). Seven hundred “National Volunteers” of southern sympathizers rallied at the Washington Monument and traveled to the station to confront the combined units of troops, which unbeknownst to them were unarmed and had weapons unloaded.Kane’s city police force generally succeeded in ensuring the Pennsylvania troops’ safe passage marching south on Howard Street to Camden Street Station of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In the end, the soldiers got to the Camden Station, and the police were able to block the crowd from them. The mob attacked the rear companies of the regiment with “bricks, paving stones, and pistols.” In response, several soldiers fired into the mob, beginning a giant brawl between the soldiers, the mob, and the Baltimore police. Major Morris, the commanding officer at Fort McHenry, suspended the Habeas Corpus privleges of those prisoners. Baltimore Riot of 1861. They had gone through the Baltimore Riot on April 19, 1861, as Massachusetts Militia. At the time, the slave states of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas had not yet seceded from the U.S. THE BALTIMORE RIOTS, APRIL, 1861 By EDWARD G. EVERETT* A CCORDING to twentieth-century historians of the Civil War, Pennsylvania would not qualify as a border state, for today the term border state denotes slave states that remained loyal to the Union. The riot resulted in the first casualty list of the war. It produced the first deaths by hostile action in the … Knowing that there were secessionists in the militia ranks, the commander of the Fort accepted the help on the condition that the militia could come no closer to the Fort than the Catholic chapel a half mile from the Fort or he would fire on them. On April 19, 1861 in Baltimore, Maryland the Baltimore Riot of 1861 also known at the Pratt Street Riot or the Pratt Street Massacre occurred. R. Dodge, a crowd gathered and with each moment it became more riots of baltimore 1861! 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