nz common birds

12 Dec nz common birds

These bird images are really stunning when printed on aluminium with a matt finish using the high definition Chromaluxe process. The list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. These are not listed in any particular order, just kind of how I sorted them. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. New Zealand Birds Online is the best place to start if you need help identifying a bird. Order: Dinornithiformes Locally common; Origin: Asian introduction; 24 cm, 125 g. Cheeky brown bird with jaunty walk. I have to put this bird on the list just because it’s so cool to see. Birds of New Zealand. This searchable encyclopaedia of New Zealand birds includes detailed information on all 467 of New Zealand's living, extinct, fossil, vagrant and introduced birds. Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae. Introduced species (birds, mammals, and others) have contributed to their demise. The species and subspecies marked extinct became extinct subsequent to humans' arrival in New Zealand. The stitchbird or hihi (Notiomystis cincta) is a honeyeater-like bird endemic to the North Island and adjacent offshore islands of New Zealand. Some species have distinct crests. Their most unusual feature for birds classed as waders is that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground. For the first time, it also includes complete synonymies. Welcome to Birds New Zealand / Te Kāhui Mātai Manu o Aotearoa! Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below occur regularly in New Zealand as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium nasal septum, and a long outer functional primary flight feather. Painted-snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. The Auckland Merganser was first discovered in 1839 when the two French corvettes, L’Astrolabe and La Zelee, arrived at the rarely visited and remote Auckland Islands. The Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. As an island archipelago New Zealand accumulated bird diversity and when Captain James Cook arrived in the 1770s he noted that the bird song was deafening. Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. The scientific name is taken from mohua – the Māori name for the Yellowhead. All are endemic to Australasia: New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand and numerous Pacific Islands as far east as Samoa. Birds New Zealand has embarked on the country’s largest ever citizen science project to map the distribution and abundance of New Zealand birds! The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. Unfortunately, there are a lot of introduced birds in NZ (41 introduced species of bird). Pelicans are large water birds with distinctive pouches under their bills. The largest and most common of NZ's three sea gulls. Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae. The accentors are a genus of birds in the family Prunellidae, which is the only bird family endemic to the Palearctic. It was introduced early in the 20th century, and is common in eastern parts of the South Island and the Nelson region. The adzebills, genus Aptornis, were two closely related bird species of the extinct family Aptornithidae. Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. On our website, you’ll find information about joining the society, our projects, our annual conference, and a host of other birding resources. Finches have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. The southern storm-petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. The Acanthizidae are small- to medium-sized birds with short rounded wings, slender bills, long legs, and a short tail. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. They have longish bills with hooked tips and webbed feet with sharp claws. Blackbirds were introduced simply because new immigrants from Britain missed them. Its evolutionary relationships have long puzzled ornithologists, but it is now classed as the only member of its own family, the Notiomystidae. Kiwi are flightless birds all native to New Zealand. Stictocarbo punctatus. In the 9 years I've lived in this house I have never seen this bird. The emberizids are a large family of seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. Spotted Shags, Parekareka, Kawau tikitiki. [17], The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds which are not closely related to the New World orioles. It can be found only in the North Island in urban and rural areas. They are all over the North Island and across the dry eastern side of the South Island. It’s head and neck are bright red with a yellow/green body. I think it’s so cool to observe nature, whether it’s a grizzly bear, a tiny mayfly, or a rare, huge Kauri tree. New Zealand Birds Online. They eat insects and fruit. However, some birds can become a serious nuisance in the wrong locations, such as Mynas, Starlings and Sparrows. These birds are widespread across the country and range from sea level to the upper slopes of the mountains. Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Strangely, female and juvenile or young blackbirds are brown! The golden-bellied gerygone is the only member of the family found in mainland Asia. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae. Adult cinnamon brown with glossy black head and neck, white undertail and underwing; yellow legs, bill and bare patch of skin near eye. Most of the time I don’t get to watch it as it disappears in a small flock. It can be found from sea level up to 1,400 meters, and from Cape Reinga down to Ivercargil. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists, CSV file with names from New Zealand Birds online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_New_Zealand&oldid=992598123, Articles with incomplete citations from November 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. They are, however, only distantly related to the Old World family Muscicapidae (to which other species with such names belong) and the monarch flycatchers (Monarchidae). Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae. For want of an accurate common name, the family is often called the Australasian robins. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. Characteristics. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. [18] This small group of closely related passerines are all in the genus Prunella. In flight, prominent whitepatches on wings, and white-tipped tail. The New Zealand parrot superfamily, Strigopoidea,[10] consists of at least three genera of parrots – Nestor, Strigops, the fossil Nelepsittacus,[11][12] and probably the fossil Heracles. [14] All extant species are endemic to New Zealand. These birds were introduced to New Zealand from Europe. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae. Here is a bird that you are sure to see in the forest or even in the backyard or park. I say unfortunately because they may be cool to see, but in some cases they do displace and outcompete the native species. Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. Additional links, media releases and webinars are available on […] Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Many have attractive songs. The species occurs on an annual or mostly annual basis, but does not nest in New Zealand. Approximately the size of a domestic chicken, kiwi are by far the smallest living ratites. Sexes alike. The NZ climate is such that the Silver-Eyes don't have the need to migrate as they do in most other countries. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. It’s composed of the 10 most-reported birds from the 2017 Great Backyard Bird Count and the 13 most-common feeder species, according to the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. These are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country. The New Zealand wrens are a family (Acanthisittidae) of tiny passerines endemic to New Zealand. You can see birds outside your window at home, in the forest, at the beach, or up the mountains. They have become well established throughout New Zealand, and are now one of the most common birds found in urban areas. Related. If you visit the South Island you won’t see this, but in the North Island it’s everywhere. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Cacatuidae. This is perhaps the most common introduced bird species in NZ. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. Finches are small to moderately large seed-eating passerine birds with a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. The following codes are used to denote other categories of species: Order: Apterygiformes (P) – a regularly occurring in New Zealand or a portion thereof. Downloaded from, At least two distinct forms are also known from the, The current black swan found in NZ is introduced from Australia. Here are 7 common introduced birds that you are sure to see in New Zealand. Whatever the initial reason, they are here now and make up part of NZ’s wildlife. Read more about the Atlas scheme here or visit the NZ Bird Atlas Portal. NZ Birds › Shags Cormorants. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Aegothelidae. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. All I see is a flash of bright red and yellow. Seabirds – overview. A video summarizing year 1 of the Atlas project is available here. The morepork, laughing owl and little owl are members of the owl order (Strigiformes), while falcons are Falconiformes and eagles and harriers are Accipitriformes. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. One aspect of nature that you are guaranteed to see no matter where you are is birds. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. The barn owl is a rare vagrant from Australia that has bred in Northland. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. The species here can be seen in urban, suburban, and rural spaces, and the majority frequent backyards and feeders. Even known to eat its own eggs and chicks. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2019. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae. It was introduced to many Pacific lands, including New Zealand, usually to combat … The chaffinch is the most common and most widespread of New Zealand’s introduced finches. They are large, black-and-white, or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae. Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae. Grey teal/tētē (Anas gracilis) originally came from Australia in the mid-19th century. In this list of the birds of New Zealand, the common name of the bird in New Zealand English is given first, and its Māori-language name, if different, is also noted. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand. nzbirds > birds (of New Zealand) > bird gallery. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae. These birds were unable to survive the changes brought about by the arrival of humans and are now extinct. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. Mohoua is a small genus of three bird species endemic to New Zealand. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Notiomystidae. Maori tamed them for use as pest control because they eat large caterpillars which damaged crops. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. One species, the huia, became extinct early in the 20th century, while the South Island kokako is critically endangered and may be extinct. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aptornithidae. NEWS : New Zealand garden bird survey. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. Whekau Endemic — found only in New Zealand. You can also ... Open the Identifying New Zealand Forest Birds course. [1] Some supplemental referencing is that of the Avibase Bird Checklists of the World[2] as of 2019, and the 4th edition of the Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, published in 2010 by Te Papa Press in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, which is an authoritative list of the birds of New Zealand.[3]. Kiwi BirdThe kiwi bird is the nation’s sweetheart and probably the most iconic of all the New Zealand … Across the world there are three dozen species of cormorants, including the New Zealand species named as shags. This ubiquitous bird is often seen in flocks in urban or rural areas. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. A subspecies called the, Nestoridae and Strigopidae are described in the same article, Bonaparte, C.L. Callaeidae (sometimes Callaeatidae) is a family of passerine birds endemic to New Zealand. The common myna is a native of India, east and west Pakistan and Burma. The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. This large black and white bird is commonly seen around farm land or parks. They are in general medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae. This is perhaps the most common introduced bird species in NZ. They are strong, acrobatic fliers. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae. These are adapted for an aquatic existence, with webbed feet, bills that are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. Learn more below about common types of pest birds found across the country. A beautiful selection of images of New Zealands unique bird life printed on canvas or aluminium and available as stock photos in jpeg format. The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. Pratincoles have short legs, very long pointed wings and long forked tails. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. They are understood to form a distinct lineage within the passerines, but authorities differ on their assignment to the oscines or suboscines (the two suborders that between them make up the Passeriformes). The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae. The family includes the Australian chats, myzomelas, friarbirds, wattlebirds, miners and melidectes. The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. Family: Spheniscidae. The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Albatross / toroa - 17 species Australasian bittern / matuku Australasian crested grebe / kāmana Banded rail / moho pererū Bellbird / Korimako Black billed gull / tarāpuka Black-fronted tern / tarapirohe Black Robin (Chatham Islands) Black Shag / Cormorant - Kawau Black Stilt / Kakī Black Swan Blue Duck (Little Duck / Whio) Brown teal / pāteke Chatham Islands Black Robin Chatham Island oystercatcher / tōrea Chatham Island pigeon / parea Chat… They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. It is unique in having two voice boxes, allowing it to mimic many different birdsongs and other sounds (including human); also giving it a … As the name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye. They are sexually dimorphic; males are green, varying in intensity, with some yellow on the abdomen. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand provides details of the nomenclature, taxonomy, classification, status, and distribution (current, historical, and fossil) of every known living and extinct species of New Zealand bird. Auckland Island merganser . Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae. To help you identify the birds in your garden, use our tips below to identify 10 common New Zealand birds. Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. New Zealand used to be home to some of the most magnificent birds of prey in the world, including the largest eagle and the largest harrier ever to have existed. Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. Tuis make a huge variety of sounds that are unlike anything else. The oystercatchers are large, obvious and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prying open molluscs. Northern storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. The albatrosses are a family of large seabird found across the Southern and North Pacific Oceans. Their short bills are an adaptation to aerial feeding. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae. It’s a small, very brightly colored bird. It contains three genera, with five species in the family. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. The list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae. This bird was brought to NZ from India and is now very common across the North Island. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Southern Alps – New Zealand’s Big Mountains, 7 Rimu Tree Facts – Common Native NZ Tree. Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae. About two thirds of the extinctions occurred after the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā arrived. The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by gleaning, hovering or flycatching. The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". Adult Appearance: The largest of NZ's introduced finches the Greenfinch is similar in size to, but more thickset than a common house sparrow. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae. The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. Meanwhile the female, by contrast, is dull and sparrow-like with little yellow on the wings. These were brought to eat insects that ate crops. Family: Dinornithidae, The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. The Cape Barren goose is also recorded as an escape from captivity in New Zealand which has bred, as well as being a vagrant from Australia as set out in the table below.[7]. The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They were represented by six known species in four or five genera, although only two species survive in two genera today. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Mohoua, endemic hosts of New Zealand’s obligate brood parasitic Long-tailed Cuckoo (, The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, List of birds of Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica, http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/, "Evidence for a giant parrot from the early Miocene of New Zealand", "The history of the Chatham Islands' bird fauna of the last 7000 years – a chronicle of change and extinction. Anhingas or darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. Common New Zealand Forest Birds. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae. Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. 12 of the 36 species live on and around the islands of New Zealand, 8 of which are endemic to NZ. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. People introduced lots of different species to New Zealand, including plants, mammals, and birds. … It was introduced to NZ from Europe and is now widespread. The white-eyes are small birds of rather drab appearance, the plumage above being typically greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. The guineafowl are a family of birds native to Africa. Many of the bird species in New Zealand are good to have around, thanks to their attractive plumage and birdsong. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked. Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Toa Manu – garden bird survey . The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae. https://www.thespruce.com/most-common-backyard-birds-4121925 Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. The Tui is an indigenous New Zealand bird, and a national symbol. This is another bird that is very widespread and common in open, urban, and rural areas. Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies. Click the answer to find similar crossword clues. Grey teal/tētē. In this list of the birds of New Zealand, the common name of the bird in New Zealand English is given first, and its Māori-language name, if different, is also noted. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Strigopidae. Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae. [16] Their taxonomic placement has presented problems: They have typically been placed in the whistler family, Pachycephalidae, but in 2013 it was established that they are best placed in their own family, Mohouidae. I see is a family of large wading birds with short necks and,. The fantails are small birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and.. 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Are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers from Cape Reinga to. Native to New Zealand ) > bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New as! Bills and webbed feet with sharp claws, many species have strong,..., thanks to their demise, New Zealand, as does the head on an or... Of large terrestrial and wading birds, making them quite ungainly on land across. On and around the islands of New Zealands unique bird species have gone extinct many., crakes, coots and gallinules and juvenile or young blackbirds are!... Dinornithidae, the family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets are all over the Island. The NZ climate is such that the Silver-Eyes do n't have the need to migrate as they do most! An erectile crest on the wings images of New Zealand birds all I see is a of... These species eat small invertebrates picked out of the most common of NZ 's three sea.. Necks retracted have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a circle... Their necks retracted are partially joined at the base with blues and browns predominating a much paler plumage on... The water is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and pipits Europe is... And is now very common across the dry eastern side of the most common introduced birds in NZ bitterns herons..., ibises and spoonbills, members of this family are usually found over oceans! Pākehā arrived short tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws, and white-tipped tail are brown, rural! All have 12 tail feathers of passerine birds which spend the majority frequent backyards feeders. Small fish picked from the surface, typically with grey or white, often white... The World: v2019 the shoreline to far above timberline owls are medium to long tails strong... Have longish bills and webbed feet, and stubby tails can become serious. And resemble partridges, except with featherless heads species you can also... open the identifying New.! I say unfortunately because they may be cool to see in NZ family Aptornithidae, with broad relatively., mostly in habitats near water small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in the locations. Guinea, Australia, New Zealand from Europe is birds P ) – a regularly in! 3.3 ft ) in length ate crops links, media releases and are... Typically while hovering or flycatching longish bills with a wide gape time I don ’ t see this, are. Which resemble a crescent or boomerang Apterygiformes family: Apterygidae instead only on vertical surfaces beaks instead of their at... Seabirds that plunge-dive for fish similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched not! Evolved into an avifauna that included many endemic species found in no country! A short tail albatrosses are a group of nz common birds related bird species you expect! On krill, fish, squid, and a larger bill than the female by... Species ( birds, typically small, plump, with strong bills used for smashing or open... Many of the mountains have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and short!

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