social problems in poland

12 Dec social problems in poland

In 1950, the median age was 25.8: half of the Polish population was younger, half older. Post-war Poland was marked by economic instability as a consequence of the Second World War owing to devastated urban areas, destroyed infrastructure, high prices combined with low wages and limited access to everyday supplies (Kubilius, 2009). In fact, drinking alcohol is a kind of generally accepted social custom. Anti-migrant protests are rare and when they do occur, crowds are thin. In general, young people have adjusted better than older generations. This article examines developmental processes in postwar Poland. Given a strong enlivenment of the polish economy, the situation of the labour market improved continuously as well. Communist dogma failed to change theintellectual or spiritual outlook of most Poles, however, becausetraditional institutions such as the Roman Catholic Church and thefamily remained strong supp… Continuous surveys conducted by the Public Opinion Research Centre (CBOS) shows that the positive attitude towards the EU integration (CBOS, 2010 EU integration) from 2001 onwards is coherent with an increase in living standard (CBOS, 2010 Standard of living). Vogue Poland praised for pro-choice cover in wake of abortion ban. Habitat for Humanity Poland was the first branch in Europe, which operates in Warsaw and Gliwice. 216x154x1 mm. Can Poland sustain its strong economic performance under these conditions? In order to achieve the majority in the parliament the leading parties have to win the support by those small parties to be able to name the prime minister in charge and every tremor in trust or opinion results in a loss of the majority in parliament. Lech Wałęsa received the Nobel Price for Peace in 1983 for his ‘[...] campaign for human rights [...]’ and ‘[...] ensur[ing] the workers' right to establish their own organisations’ (The Nobel Foundation, 1983). Poland’s entry into the NATO in 1999 and into the European Union (EU) in 2004 was a step on political level to gain more stability and maintain security of the country. These are usually the beginnings of addiction. Sign-up. Furthermore, Poland is facing a typical phenomenon of western countries that is ageing population. Solidarność was able to form a coalition with other small parties to build a non-communistic majority in the parliament and Lech Wałęsa was determined as its president. Despite this, the national police force has cut more than 20,000 officers from its ranks as part of the economic reform process. However, Poland’s total social expenditure is not so high – Poland spends 16.4 per cent of GDP, but for comparison France already has a level of 24.3 per cent and the EU average is 18.8 per cent. Taschenbuch. It is also not treated as a stable pillar by Polish elites. … To undo it would risk triggering interminable arguments over the institutions, which no country wants and which the EU cannot afford. Our local team responds to poor housing through a number of activities such as the construction of new houses, renovations of apartments, advocacy (promoting social housing policies with the government) as well as microloan programmes. More than ever before, polish politicians could have needed the back-up by the Soviet Union, but with the death of Stalin in 1953, the destalinization of the USSR prevented an interaction, which paved the way for partial reforms towards liberalism, wherein liberalism has to be understood under the force of communism and is not the slightest comparable to western free-market movements. The advantage of open handling with secret documents of the GDR is that it helped to re-establish trust in politics, as it was possible in short time to widely finish off the period of communistic area of a reunited Germany. social problem translation in English-Polish dictionary. Next most serious social problem in Poland is alcoholism. But there is a problem with the rule of law. Furthermore, Kwaśniewski as a former minister in the communist era of Poland in the 80s understood to appear in public as a political leader, whereas Wałęsa was brought up as a working-class child and didn’t have the privileges to study. - Completely free - with ISBN Poland Environment - current issues. The Warsaw-Pact signed in 1955 as counteract to the western North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), were primarily seeking to ally military defence and economical support among the satellite states. Reduction in the rate of employment is a sign of economic stability, and a reason for Poland to weather in the difficult conditions of global market. Work–life balance related problems are relatively more frequent in Poland than on average in the EU. But its vision for the country was born in Moscow. With the fall of Communism and its social-welfare network and system of subsidized food and housing, large sections of Polish society, especially the elderly, fell into poverty. Road: social provisions. The country fared better through the economic downturn than most countries in Europe. It's very dangerous addiction, … Poland - Poland - Daily life and social customs: Because of rapid industrialization and urbanization, as well as a certain distrust of rural conservatism during the years of communist rule, Poland’s traditional folk culture has been seriously undermined since World War II. Book Condition: Neu. (Buffalo University, 1992). Poland is the only EU country that has a border both with Russia and Ukraine. Curbing judicial independence remained a … Similar to other developed countries, Poland can expect to face problems in paying pensions and a lack of future labour force to maintain a growing GDP. Politics explained . Work-life balance. The use of firearms and explosives has soared since 1989. The Constitution of Poland states that all citizens have the right to social security in case of being unable to find a job, reaching the retirement age, or suffering from inability to work due to illness or disability. Inland waterways: social dimension. VJN7WUBHHB4O < Book # Social Problems in the 21st century of Poland SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND GRIN Verlag Mai 2011, 2011. The EU, for its part, has gone through a series of crises in the past years. Book Condition: Neu. From the banners Polish nationalist demonstrators held up at a 60,000-strong march this weekend, it would be easy to think the … The primacy of politics over economy is an ideological principle of socialist systems. Sociology in Poland has been developing, as has sociology throughout Europe, since the mid-19th century.Polish sociology is today a vibrant science, with its own experts and currents of thought. Gender equality. Poland is simply much more effective in reducing poverty and material deprivation. At the same time, the emergence of a market economy produced a new class of wealthy business people along with a growing amount of consumer activity. In order to find a solution to political problems in Poland, a comparison of political systems of major western countries is undertaken. The Polish government’s efforts to undermine the rule of law and human rights protections continued during the year. The “mystery” as it was called, turned hope into tangible distance. The work by Strawiński (2008, p.41) ), the twin brother of Lech Kaczyński, in the first round of Polish presidential elections; the run-off is planned for the 4th July 2010 to determine the president (J.P., 2010). Follow @@JuliaRampenMM. Aviation: social dimension. Despite improved labour conditions such as abolishing weekend work, or increase in the minimum wage the agreement secured the right for Poles to associate in free trade unions. Increasing income inequality is … SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND To download Social Problems in the 21st century of Poland eBook, remember to follow the web link below and download the file or gain access to other information which are have conjunction with SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND ebook. The latter proved to be an accelerator for change, as the trade union Solidarność gained ten million members in short time and was able to make a serious stand against the communist rulers in Poland for the first time in history at this stage. - High royalties for the sales A post-communist, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, succeeded Wałęsa in 1995 as president by a small margin in the second election round. Twitter. Which were used for instance to modernize the infrastructure in order to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) from abroad or improve structural differences within the country, which is seeking to connect Poland stronger to the centre of Europe. (Buffalo University, 1992), Within the beginning of the Edward Gierek era, succeeding Gomułka in 1970, the economy seemed to be very prosperous, as a general upward trend was noticed, recognized by the public in a higher living standard and a more stable economy. Rigid reforms towards free market structures made Poland the best flourishing EU Member State of all acceding EU-countries. Reasons for the positive development are seen in demographic factors, growth related to EU entry and migration of Labour: After an almost linear increase in the population of Poland from the early 1960s to 1995, the development shows stagnation and even a slight decrease in residents after 1995 (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010 Chap. Dependence on Coal-Mining in Poland. The years between 1980 and 1990 highlight the gradually deconstruction of the communist system in Poland. This statistic shows the result of a survey survey on the most important issues/social problems for the 2018 parliamentary election in Sweden. Poland’s leader, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, has hand-picked his second prime minister in two years, opting last w As early as in 1917 a Polish scholar, Jan Stanisław Bystroń, wrote that Polish sociology is — as any other national sociology — a notable and separate field. All these efforts and developments let hope for the future of Poland and if stronger recognized by the people, then identification with politics might increase once again. But soon after, the ineffectiveness of new factories and mismanagement combined with global problems (such as the oil crisis in 1973) affected the economy adversely. classic theses advanced by Mills on professional ideology of social pathologies will be discussed). 216x154x1 mm. But the Germans should offer the Poles a way out of their problem. Poland’s real problem isn’t press freedom — it’s rule of law. The work by Strawiński (2008, p.41), - Publication as eBook and book On the other hand it can be seen as an indicator of lack of interest in politics by society and might even be related to an expression of political disaffection as the political situation since 1992 has hardly ever been evaluated as ‘good’ by the public with more than 20 % in surveys (CBOS, 2010 Political situation). The author of the stochastic calculations points out that the predictions are limited by the lack of reliable long term data, especially during the communistic time. Top 5 Population Problems Currently Facing Poland 1. Wojciech Przybylski is editor-in-chief of Eurozine and chairman of Res Publica Foundation in Warsaw. By … Lech Kaczyński, a former advisor of Lech Wałęsa and vice- chairman of the Solidarność trade union in 1989, started for the party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS) to succeed the post-communist president in 2005. UK Politics. Our democracy is doing well. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF POLANDl Professor Roman Dyboski I When, in the course of the World War, it began to become apparent that the historical wrong committed upon Poland by her neighbours in the eighteenth century would be righted, and a free Polish State would once more appear on the map, the natural enthusiasm of the nation over the prospect of deliverance and reunion was … Poland is a country rich with natural resources and is currently a large producer in this area globally. The People of Poland, Social Problems fall of Communism, national police force, Communist rule, Beggars, market economy. The post-war time under Soviet protectorate was followed by the Bierut era (1948–1956), a period governed by the Polish Communists United Workers' Party (PZPR) and its leader Bolesław Bierut, continuing spreading communism on behalf of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Poland may be facing a severe financial trouble, however, it still has the capability of reducing the unemployment rate of its youth to manageable levels. The Birth of Solidarity). Share this country: Facebook. Alcohol is also a common „cure” for family problems, lack of money, professional failures, depression, loneliness or boredom. This is not only an expression of instability among the parliament it also causes trouble for the continuous development of Poland with respect to democracy, economy and foreign policy. In the years following World War II, Poland, like other East Europeancountries, underwent a rapid, planned transition from a predominantlyagrarian to a predominantly industrial society. Ketan Patel, an Indian student in health care at Vistula University in Warsaw, said he’s had no problems in Poland, despite the country’s anti-immigrant reputation: “People here are very friendly.” Unlike in other European countries, Poland’s sharp rise in immigration has produced little social friction. In recent years, a gap has developed between those who have managed to take advantage of the new economic system and those who have not, creating social tension in Poland. The first prime minister was Tadeusz Mazowiecki, similar to Lech Wałęsa a former leader of the solidarity movements. A major sign of dominance was set by the USSR in 1948, when Poland were forced to decline urgently needed reparations related to the Marshall Plan offered by the US. Abstract The study presents a first comprehensive report … The outcome not only legalized trade unions, it allowed Solidarność to send candidates, including Lech Wałęsa, into the parliamentary elections. Book Condition: Neu. By Julia Rampen. This process of lustration seems to take longer in Poland, which is understandable as their democracy is relative young and might not cope as comfortable with a sudden opening of communistic documents. - It only takes five minutes Introductorily, the work will begin with a historical review in order to lead over to opposing political forces in Poland and with it the social problems devoted to politics. And Brussels is reportedly becoming increasingly worried. GRIN Verlag Mai 2011, 2011. Let’s stop buying the fiction of Europe’s far-right populists. Poland should first of all accept that the double majority voting system is here to stay. An overwhelming influx of refugees isn’t one of them . Despite the economic crisis, Poland’s unemployment rate is around 8.9 % published by Eurostat in January 2010 and therewith below the EU27 average of 9.5 % (Eurostat, 2010 p.1). (Buffalo University, 1992), Władysław Gomułka gained leadership in 1956 after callings for reforms broadened and demonstrations amidst workers forced the communistic government to reshape its political approach. As a consequence, the 70s in Poland were marked by increasing opposing forces such as trade unions and student protests. Political and Historical Development of Poland after the WWII. This is reflected in an above-average growth of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the EU (Ministerium für Wirtschaft - Wien, 2008 p.27). Maritime: social agenda for Maritime Transport. Poland is aging, and aging fast. Social inequalities in health in Poland. Poland is the most populous country in Central Europe with a consumer market of over 38 million people. Stochastic forecasts by the Max Plank Institute for Demographic Research predict not only a sharp decrease in population down to 27 to 35 millions by 2050, but also that 38 % of the population will be aged over 65 years (Matysiak et al, 2005 p.2). Many people don't know that from this is only one step to alcoholism. Welfare in Poland is part of the social security system in Poland.It constitutes about 20% of government spending, and has been roughly stable in the past several decades. 216x154x1 mm. This is as written above not given in Poland. As a consequence a new prime minister has to be elected which explains the high number of prime ministers supporting different political directions. This means that the general size of labour force decreases slightly which is beneficial for the rate of unemployment. This development in voter turnout is somehow unexpected, especially taking into account that the country has been affected by suppression of freedom by the communist regime over years, someone would expect a relieve shown in a higher participation in elections. Social inequalities in health in Poland World Health Organization Regional Offi ce for Europe Scherfi gsvej 8, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark Tel. The USA with a presidential system has a head of state with ultimate power, who decides the direction of the country’s development for the future. The historical dimension of the relations with both countries is trouble-laden for the Poles. … GRIN Verlag Mai 2011, 2011. The voter participation which has ever been low, even in the first free election in 1989 with just about 53 %, reached its maximum in the president elections 1995 with 68 % and declined almost steadily since (Kostadinova, 2003), even down to less than 50 % in 2005 (Eurostat, 2010). Article key phrases:fall of Communism, national police force, Communist rule, Beggars, market economy, Roma, homeless people, explosives, poverty, gap, ranks, emergence, elderly, Germans, Poland, advantage, officers, housing, young people, recent years, time. This dispute is particular evident in the semi- presidential system of Poland in which the president and the prime minister have to negotiate the final outcome of day-to-day administration of the state (Laidler, 2010 p.8). Pollution has become a growing problem for Poland as more regions face poor air quality due to reliance on coal-based energy. But a hard time for the people ascended, when the first enthusiasm for Solidarność dwindled down and the leading communist party brought General Wojciech Jaruzelski into charge, who declared Martial Law in 1981 in order to silence all opposing forces within Poland. A generic term applied to the range of conditions and aberrant behaviours which are considered to be manifestations of social disorganization and to warrant changing via some means of social engineering. As the preceding evolution of presidentship already shows, the polish politic landscape is affected by an almost regular change in political direction, and gets even more confuse by checking the diverse number of different prime ministers in service between 1989 up to our very present. The number of unemployed people decreased fast between 2002 from 3.2mio (~20%) to 1.9mio (~11%) in 2007 (Ministerium für Wirtschaft - Wien, 2008 p.30). Particularly, the involvement in the EU turned out to have a positive effect on the polish economy (CBOS, 2010 Economic situation), as Poland received needed grants and subsidies. Environment - current issues: decreased emphasis on heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-communist governments has improved environment; air pollution remains serious because of emissions from burning low-quality coals in homes and from coal-fired power plants; the … The system in Germany has another advantage over the polish system, as it possesses a five-percent rule, which means that a party needs five or more percent of the votes during the general election in order to get a seat in the parliament. Regional dress, regional dialects and forms of speech, peasant arts and crafts, and religious and folk festivals have all been … LinkedIn. The Gdańsk Agreement was a crucial step to further liberalization that had never been as advanced before under the umbrella of the Soviet Union. Today it is 38.2. Despite its communistic past, Poland was able to establish free-marked structures in relatively short time. From then onwards the political leadership in Poland showed everything else than continuity. As the population is aging, it has also started to decline: from 38.6 million in 1995, to 38 million in 2010, to an expected 32 million in 2050. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND To save Social Problems in the 21st century of Poland PDF, remember to follow the button beneath and save the document or gain access to additional information which might be related to SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN THE 21ST CENTURY OF POLAND ebook. The question about political outlook and hope of Poland remains. The economically situation of Poland is analysed by considering the social problems of unemployment and labour migration. Beggars and homeless people became common sights after being virtually nonexistent during Communist rule. Mayor changes in the Eastern Bloc imposed by the President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, with perestroika and glasnost encouraged Poland to political reforms. New elections were scheduled on 20th June 2010 and resulted in a partly victory for the centralist Bronisław Komorowski from the party Platforma Obywatelska (Civil Platform) with 47.3 % (estm.) Sean O'Grady Forget Brexit – the EU has bigger problems now. Poland - Poland - Health and welfare: Health care in Poland has been handled largely by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, which oversees the health departments of the regional governments. A bigger problem for the European Union lies in Poland, where a protracted conflict is becoming more and more likely. An appalling number of 14 prime ministers served their duty since the polish transformation began in 1989 and can be understood as an expression of the diverse number of opposing forces and tensions in the parliament, which consists of a high number of small parties. The agriculture was collectivized, which meant that land was confiscated and redistributed amongst peasants. The revitalise solidarity movements achieved that by 1988 most political imprisoned people were released and in 1989 Jaruzelski initiated Round Table Talks with opposing fractions including representatives of Solidarność. Data and theories related to the British labour market are used to compare the markets and point out possible ways to cope with future challenges. Taschenbuch. Although Wałęsa and most of his followers were imprisoned the idea of solidarity remained. Demographic Trend - Poland). Nevertheless, the overall economical development has been a success. Another aspect that shutters the trust in politics is the unsettled handling with former spies and collaborators in the communist era, as documents are mainly hold secret and necessary lustration is hindered. When the country cameunder communist control in 1945, Polish society also was subjected to aset of rigid ideological tenets. Facilities include clinics; hospitals; sanatoriums, rest homes, and spas; and ambulance services. This work aims to evaluate major social problems in the 21st century of Poland in the framework of political configurations and economic conditions. The parliament-system in Germany determines a chancellor, who is able in coordination with the leading party to decide on the country’s best. His support in public was large enough to secure him the re-election for presidency in 2000, but made it necessary in 2005 to step down, as by law the tenure is limited to two successive five year periods. As long as the country’s economy stabilizes, employers will have every reason to higher people with the … Poland has problems. Social issues in transport. defeating Jarosław Kaczyński with 33.2 % (estm. I find it difficult to deal with important problems that come up in my life: Agree & strongly agree---18%: When things go wrong in my life, it generally takes me a long time to get back to normal : Agree & strongly agree---21%: Work-life balance. This open approach is almost seen as granted in Germany, but shows in comparison to Poland that democracy is deeper linked into the network of state, politics and society. Guided by Lech Wałęsa, a veteran and electrician, the trade union Solidarność was aiming to establish ‘a trade union independent of communist party control[ling] and possessing the legal right to strike’ (Buffalo University, 1992 Chap. Violent robberies have registered a fourfold increase since the mid-1980s. Factbook > Countries > Poland > Geography. Similar to Poland, Germany had to cope with its communistic past of the GDR, which it did very openly. : +45 39 17 17 17 Fax: +45 39 17 18 18 E-mail: contact@euro.who.int Web site: www.euro.who.int Social inequalities in health in Poland. Such a method could make it more likely to form more stable coalitions in Poland; on the other hand it would ignore the opinion of minority parties. Photo: Getty Sign Up. The course will also cover the difficulties faced by sociology of social problems (among other things, the. It remains the best available compromise on an extremely sensitive issue for the member-states. It will be 51 in 2050. Towards the end of the Gomułka era in 1970, the economical crisis came into full force, when the government had to increase the price for basic food, which were stabilized artificially in former times and obliged the leader to resign after major strikes against the communistic regime widened. The author of the stochastic calculations points out that the predictions are limited by the lack of reliable long term data, especially during the communistic time. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); With the fall of Communism and its social-welfare network and system of subsidized food and housing, large sections of Polish society, especially the elderly, fell into poverty. Having a look at the political system in countries like Germany or the United States of America (USA), it can be revealed that parts of the struggle in polish politics is related to its political semi-presidential system and with it the power of the decision-maker. Political decisions effect economically development drastically, from the introduction of the Balcerowicz Plan in 1989, which was rather a shock towards liberalism than a smooth movement, to a flourishing polish economy in the 21st century it was a long and rocky road. It is believed that the success of a former communist is due to the considerable sacrifices the polish people had to sustain over the first five years of implementing free market conditions and democracy. Similar to other developed countries, Poland can expect to face problems in paying pensions and a lack of future labour force to maintain a growing GDP. Beggars and homeless people became common sights after being virtually nonexistent during … Developmental processes, therefore, are controlled by political and not economic logic. Economic reforms and national reconstruction in a centralized Six-Year- Plan imposed by the Soviet Government was seeking to accelerate the recovery of the country by nationalization of private trade and industry. According to data published by Ipsos, 46 percent of respondents in Poland thought that air pollution was one of the top three environmental issues facing their country, the most of any category. Although there have been reported incidents of ethnic violence against Roma and Germans, there are no ethnic conflicts comparable to those in other former Communist republics. In 1978 Karol Wojtyła, archbishop of Kraków, was elected Pope and immediately spread hope amongst the polish people for a better future. However, in order to keep these resources environmentally conscious and plentiful, Poland must work now to protect them. The reasons can be related to social problems like unemployment, stagnation of economy, working emigration, political system, crime and health system to name some major areas that people’s life is affected by and can be seen as a source of individual problems that might be expressed in a low turnout of votes. The political circumstances after the change of the system proved to be challenging and are still not solved sufficiently. Get the New Statesman\'s Morning Call email. On 10th April 2010 the polish people suffered a severe loss, when the president and other political leader came to death in an airplane crash near the city of Smolensk, Russia (Campell and Franchetti, 2010). Hope amongst the Polish population was younger, half older Germany determines a chancellor, who is able coordination... Vogue Poland praised for pro-choice cover in wake of abortion ban a chancellor, who is in... And not economic logic of Poland is analysed by considering the social problems in Poland World Organization! Principle of socialist systems of refugees isn ’ t press freedom — it ’ rule! Major social problems in Poland than on average in the EU can not afford will... 8, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark Tel of major western countries that is ageing population Poland after the.... It ’ s stop buying the fiction of Europe ’ s rule law. Cut more than 20,000 officers from its ranks social problems in poland part of the economic reform process political and Development. 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